Teacher Tools Related to Classroom and Group Support
Preventative approaches include anything teachers implement to prevent undesirable behaviors. Using proactive techniques successfully can decrease the likelihood of problem behaviors and promote positive behavioral choices.
Point and Level Systems
Point and level systems provide an organizational framework for managing student behavior. Students learn appropriate behavior through clearly defined behavioral expectations; rewards, privileges, and consequences are linked to those expectations. There are specific criteria for advancement to the next level where students enjoy more desirable contingencies.
Positive reinforcement is anything that occurs after a behavior that increases the likelihood that the behavior will be repeated.
Natural and Logical Consequences
Natural consequences are outcomes that are not planned or controlled and happen as a result of specific behavior. Teachers and/or administrators intentionally plan logical consequences.
Self-management encompasses a range of internal and/or external activities in which a student may engage that increase or decrease the probability of appropriate behaviors occurring based on cognitive-behavioral theory.
In peer-mediated interventions, the teacher designs a program and trains a peer or peers to deliver needed social cues and the reinforcement that may follow targeted behavioral outcomes.
Kaye Otten, PhD, University of Kansas Medical Center and Jodie Tuttle, M.Ed., Millard Public Schools